Hot weather along with changes in the immune system, digestion is very easy to create conditions for the factors of diarrhea in the elderly. It is one thing to note for the elderly health
Elderly people need to be careful with the many factors of diarrhea
For the elderly body, digestive system is more and more dysfunction; they feel that swallowing is also more difficult, the digestive juices secreted slowly and less than when they were young. In addition, many people get chronic diseases in the gastrointestinal tract such as stomach ulcers – duodenal, so the food should be cooked and soft
With small favorable conditions also caused the bacteria entering their intestines and acute diarrhea. The causes of acute diarrhea are common in the elderly:
Trouble from dysentery: bacillary dysentery caused by Shigella, the symptoms is cramps stomach, a solid, fever. These cases require early treatment with specific antibiotics, but should pay attention to the phenomenon of bacterial antibiotics.
This syndrome is caused by Escherichia coli (E. Coli), 3 strains can cause diarrhea and cramping dysentery syndrome, a solid nose and blood stools, including E. coli intestinal pathogenic; E. coli is a intestinal penetration toxins; E. coli is intestinal bleeding toxins. Another reason leading to dysentery syndrome in the elderly are caused by Yesinia Enterocolica bacteria, source of infection is water, contaminated food, such as milk, vegetables, meat causing gastritis, bowel or mesenteric inflammatory. When infection, severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and bloody stools.
Hazards from food: elderly get diarrhea easily by eating contaminated food. These foods contain bacteria, which is capable of breaking into the intestinal mucosa and cause of diseases such as Salmonella is the most common disease.
Within 12 – 36 hours after ingestion, the patient shows signs of sudden fever, epigastric abdominal pain or around the navel, not a solid, diarrhea many times, rots, water. Feces have sometimes mucous, blood, similar to dysentery syndrome. In severe cases, electrolyte disturbances due to dehydration (dry lips, sunken eyes, thirst). If not be diagnosed and treated promptly, the patient may die from vascular collapse
Ingestion of food containing toxins of bacteria that is available in the food and the disease-causing toxins (toxins of Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium Botulinum, Bacillus cereus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus). Diarrhea with several times a day is abdominal pain, no fever, nausea and vomiting. If it is not treated in time, the patient will lead to dehydration and death.
Diarrhea cause by cholera: This is a disease caused by Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Clinical manifestations are to go out several times / day, muddy feces water as rice water, no abdominal pain, no fever. Because expression of this disease, the elderly is usually subjective, and this can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated properly. The danger is that can cause disease, susceptibility object is everyone, including children and the most susceptible elderly.
Prevention is better than cure
Diarrhea leading to dehydration and electrolyte disorders, so primary treatment is re-hydration and electrolytes. For mild cases of dehydration, re-hydration by water as a drink, often use Oresol or soup, cold boiled water with an enough salt and sugar. If severe dehydration, water loss greater than 5% of body weight or taking drinks without results, so have to re-hydration by intravenous transmitting.
Due to the physiological characteristics of the elderly, disease prevention issues need special attention. For their food to be cooked thoroughly, elderly should not regret the food that was for a long time, do not eat sweet food. If getting disease, should be treated promptly, elderly people should not hide the disease and treatment will lead to dangerous consequences